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2022 steam locomotive list

By Jim Wrinn | November 22, 2021

Jim Wrinn offers up the complete list of operating steam in the U.S. as of the close of 2021

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Small steam locomotive with freight car in high-plains scenery
Narrow gauge locomotive on bridge with mountains in background, part of the 2022 steam locomotive list
2022 steam locomotive list personified: Southern Pacific 4-6-0 No. 18 crosses the Animas River at Silverton on Sept. 3. The California-based locomotive was on loan to the Durango & Silverton for much of 2021. Jim Wrinn photograph

Here’s our 2022 steam locomotive list. As 2021 may be the best so far in the 21st century to be a steam locomotive enthusiast, 2022 is looking good too!

A Big Boy is running on Union Pacific’s main lines, the last Baldwin steam locomotive built is flexing its articulated muscles on a mountain railroad, and at least six 4-8-4s are in steam from coast to coast with three more under restoration. Newly renovated engines continue to emerge.

According to a Trains magazine survey, about 153 steam locomotives operate in the U.S. in a public venue at least one day each year. These locomotives are at least 2-foot gauge, have a history, or are a replica of historical significance. The figure is a decrease from the first such survey made in 2008, when Trains placed the census at 190 steam locomotives. Here’s the list.

Trains’ 2022 steam locomotive list

Total: 153

Methodology:
•Locomotives of 2-foot gauge and up.
•Must run in a public venue at least 1 day per year or be capable of doing so.
•Must have had some sort of prior life in regular freight or passenger service before preservation or be a replica of national significance.

Alabama – 0

Alaska – 2
•Alaska Railroad 0-4-0T No. 1 coal narrow 1899
•White Pass & Yukon 2-8-2 No. 73 oil narrow 1947

Arkansas – 0

Arizona – 1
•Grand Canyon Railway 2-8-2 No. 4960 oil standard 1923

California steam locomotive list – 19

•Disneyland Railroad No. 3 2-4-4T (Baldwin 1894)
•Disneyland Railroad No. 4 2-4-0 (Baldwin 1925)
•Disneyland Railroad No. 5 2-4-4T (Baldwin 1902)
•Eastern California Museum’s Southern Pacific 4-6-0 No. 18 oil narrow 1911
•Knott’s Berry Farm 2-8-0 No. 340 oil narrow 1899
•Niles Canyon Railway’s Clover Valley 2-6-6-2T No. 4 oil standard 1924
•Niles Canyon Railway 2-4-4-2 “Skookum” No. 7 oil standard 1909
•Niles Canyon Railway’s Robert Dollar 2-6-2T No. 3 oil standard 1927
•Placerville & Sacramento Valley Railroad/Stathi Pappas 0-4-0T No. 2 oil standard 1909
•Poway Midland 0-4-0 No. 3 oil standard 1907
•San Bernardino Railroad Historical Society’s ATSF 4-8-4 No. 3751 oil standard 1927
•Sierra Railway 2-8-0 No. 28 oil standard 1922 oil standard
Roaring Camp & Big Trees 0-4-2T No. 1 oil narrow
•Roaring Camp & Big Trees 2-truck Heisler Tuolomie oil narrow
•Roaring Camp & Big Trees 2-Truck Shay Dixiana oil narrrow
•Roots of Motive Power 2 Truck Heisler No. 1 oil standard
•Roots of Motive Power 2-6-2T No. 1 oil standard
•Yosemite Sugar Pine three truck Shay No. 10 oil narrow
•Yosemite Sugar Pine three truck Shay No. 15 oil narrow

Small steam locomotive with freight car in high-plains scenery
Colorado Railroad Museum’s Rio Grande Southern 4-6-0 No. 20 performs for photographers during a Trains Magazine photo charter on the Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad in September. Jim Wrinn photograph

Colorado steam locomotive list – 16

•Cripple Creek & Victor 0-4-4-0 No. 1 coal narrow
•Cripple Creek & Victor 0-4-0T No. 2 coal narrow
•Cripple Creek & Victor 0-4-0 No. 3 coal narrow
•Colorado Railroad Museum’s Rio Grande 2-8-2 No. 491 coal narrow
•Colorado Railroad Museum’s Rio Grande 2-8-0 No. 346 coal narrow
•Colorado Railroad Museum’s Rio Grande Southern 4-6-0 No. 20 coal narrow
•Durango & Silverton 2-8-2s Nos. 473, 476, 480, 481, 486, 493 //// 2 coal 4 oil narrow
•Durango Railroad Historical Society’s Denver & Rio Grande Western 2-8-0 No. 315/425 coal narrow
•Georgetown Loop 2-8-0 No. 40 oil narrow
•Georgetown Loop 2-8-0 No. 111 oil narrow
•South Park Rail Society 2-6-2 No. 4 oil narrow

Connecticut — 3
•Connecticut Antique Machinery Association Hawaii Railway 2-4-2 No. 5
•Valley Railroad 2-8-2s Nos. 40 and 3025 coal standard

Delaware – 1
•Wilmington & Western 0-6-0 No. 58 coal standard

Florida – 1
•U.S. Sugar 4-6-2 No. 148 oil standard 1920s

Georgia – 1
•Georgia Museum of Agriculture 0-4-0T No. 2

Hawaii – 2
•Grove Farm Museum 2-4-0T “Paulo” (Hohenzollern, 1887) and 0-6-2T “Wainiha” (Baldwin, 1915)

Illinois -2
•Illinois Railway Museum’s Frisco 2-10-0 No. 1630 coal standard
•Illinois Railway Museum’s J. Neils Lumber 3-truck Shay No. 5 coal standard

Indiana – 5
•Hesston Steam Museum 2-6-0 No. 2 coal standard
•Fort Wayne Railroad Historical Society’s Nickel Plate Road 2-8-4 No. 765 coal standard 1944
•Gramling Locomotive Works’ Jeddo Coal 0-4-0T No. 85 coal standard
•Gramling Locomotive Works’ Lehigh Coal 0-6-0T No. 126 coal standard
•Privately-owned Bock Lumber Co. 0-4-4T No. 1 at Hoosier Valley Railroad Museum standard

Iowa -3
•Iowa Interstate 2-10-2 No. 6988
•Midwest Central 2-6-0 No. 6
•Midwest Central’s Westside Lumber Co. 3-truck Shay No. 9 oil narrow

Kansas – 1
•Abilene & Smokey Valley Railroad’s Santa Fe 4-6-2 No. 3415 oil standard

Kentucky – 0

Louisiana – 0

Maine – 4
•Boothbay Railway Museum 0-4-0T No. 6 (Henschel 1934)
•Wiscassett Waterville & Farmington 0-4-4T No. 9
•Maine Narrow Gauge Museum B&SR No. 7
•Maine Narrow Gauge’s Monson 0-4-4T No. 3

Maryland – 1
•Western Maryland Scenic 2-6-6-2 No. 1309 coal standard 1949

Massachusetts – 1
•Edaville 0-4-0 No. 11

Black locomotive with heavyweight passenger cars passing station building
Little River 4-6-2 No. 110, the world’s smallest standard gauge Pacific type, departs from Coldwater, Mich., in October in celebration of its 110th birthday. Jim Wrinn photograph

Michigan – 7
•Buckley Old Engine Show’s Army 0-4-0T
•Henry Ford’s 0-6-4T No. 3 Torch Lake (oldest operating locomotive in U.S. 1873)
•Henry Ford’s Detroit & Lima Northern 4-4-0 No. 7
•Huckleberry Railroad 4-6-0 No. 2
Pere Marquette 2-8-4 No. 1225 coal standard 1940s
•Little River 0-4-0T No. 1
•Little River 4-6-2 No. 110 coal/wood standard 1911

Minnesota – 4
•Lake Region Steam Threshers 0-4-0T No. 2
•Milwaukee Road 4-8-4 No. 261 coal standard 1944
•Western Minnesota Steam Thresher’s Soo Line 0-6-0 No. 353
•Western Minnesota Steam Thresher’s 0-4-0 No. 3

Missouri – 4

•Silver Dollar City 0-4-0T No. 14
•Silver Dollar City 0-4-0T No. 43
•Silver Dollar City 0-4-0T No. 76
•Silver Dollar City 0-4-0 No. 504

Mississippi – 0

Montana -0

Nebraska – 1
•Henry Doorly Zoo’s 30-inch Austrian 0-6-2T

Nevada – 7
•Dan Markoff’s Eureka & Palisade 4-4-0 No. 4 wood narrow
•Nevada Northern 2-8-0 No. 81 coal standard 1917
•Nevada Northern 2-8-0 No. 93 coal standard 1909
•Nevada State Railroad Museum 4-6-0 Glenbrook
•Nevada State Railroad Museum’s Virginia & Truckee 4-4-0 No. 22 Inyo
•Nevada State Railroad Museum’s Virginia & Truckee 4-6-0 No. 25
•Virginia & Truckee 2-8-0 No. 29 oil standard

New Hampshire – 4
•Conway Scenic 0-6-0 No. 7420 coal standard
•Mount Washington Cog 0-4-4-0 Nos. 2, 6 & 9

New Jersey – 2
•Black River & Western 2-8-0 No. 60 coal standard
•SMS 0-6-0 No. 9 coal standard

New Mexico — 7
•New Mexico Steam Locomotive & Railroad Historical Society’s ATSF 4-8-4 No. 2926 oil standard 1940s
•Cumbres & Toltec Scenic 2-8-2s Nos. 463, 484, 487, 488, 489 //4 coal 1 oil narrow 1920s
•Cumbres & Toltec’s Denver & Rio Grande 4-6-0 No. 168 coal narrow

New York – 1
•Scott Symans American Viscose 0-4-0T No. 6

North Carolina – 3
•Great Smoky Mountains Railway 2-8-0 No. 1702 oil standard 1940s
•Tweetsie 4-6-0 No. 12 coal narrow
•Tweetsie 2-8-2 No. 190 coal narrow

North Dakota – 0

Oklahoma – 0

Steam locomotive with passenger car and gondola for riders in field with trees in background.
Santa Fe 4-6-2 No. 3415 ambles along former Rock Island trackage near Abilene, Kansas, in July 2021. Jim Wrinn photograph

Ohio – 7

•Cedar Point & Lake Erie No. 1 2-4-0
•Cedar Point & Lake Erie No. 4 2-4-0
•Cedar Point & Lake Erie No. 5 2-4-0
•Cedar Point & Lake Erie No. 22 2-4-0
•Hocking Valley 0-6-0 No. 3 coal standard
•Age of Steam’s Morehead & North Fork 0-6-0 No. 12 coal standard
•Youngstown Steel Heritage 0-4-0T No. 58 coal narrow

Oregon – 8

•City of Prineville’s Mount Emily 3-truck Shay No. 1 oil standard
•Oregon Coast Scenic’s Craig Mountain Lumber 2-truck Heisler No. 3 oil standard
•Oregon Coast Scenic’s McCloud River Railway 2-6-2 No. 25 oil standard
•Oregon Coast Scenic’s Polson 2-8-2 No. 2 oil standard
•Albany & Eastern’s Santa Maria Valley 2-6-2 No. 205 oil standard 1920s
•Sumpter Valley 2-8-2 No. 19 oil narrow
•Sumpter Valley’s W.H. Eccles 2-truck Heisler No. 3 wood narrow
vOregon Railroad Heritage’s Southern Pacific 4-8-4 No. 4449 oil standard 1941

Pennsylvania steam locomotive list – 13

Bucksgahuda & Western 0-4-0T No. 1
•Strasburg 4-8-0 No. 475, 2-6-0 No. 89, 2-10-0 No. 90 coal standard
•New Hope & Ivyland 2-8-0 No. 40 coal standard
•Everett 2-6-0 No. 11 coal standard
•Pioneer Tunnel 0-4-0T No. 1
•Railway Restoration’s Central of New Jersey 0-6-0 No. 113 coal standard
•Reading & Northern 4-6-2 No. 425 coal standard
•Star Barn’s 4-4-0 No. 63 oil standard
•Steamtown’s Baldwin plant switcher 0-6-0 No. 26 coal standard
•Steam into History’s Northern Central 4-4-0 No. 17 York oil standard
•Williams Grove Historical Steam Engine Association’s Pennsylvania Railroad 0-6-0 No. 643 coal standard

South Carolina – 0

South Dakota – 3
•Black Hills Central 2-6-6-2Ts Nos. 108 and 110 oil standard
•Prairie Village 0-6-0 No. 29

Tennessee – 4
•Southern 2-8-0 No. 630 coal standard 1904
•Southern 2-8-2 No. 4501 coal standard 1911
•Dollywood 2-8-2s No. 70 and 192

Texas – 3
•Six Flags Texas 2-4-2 No. 2
•Six Flags Texas 2-4-2 No. 2
•Texas State Railroad 2-8-0 No. 30 oil standard

Utah – 2
•U.S. National Park Service replica of Union Pacific 4-4-0 No. 119 coal standard 1970s
•U.S. National Park Service replica of Central Pacific 4-4-0 Jupiter wood standard 1970s

Vermont – 0

Virginia – 1
•Virginia Museum of Transportation’s Norfolk & Western 4-8-4 No. 611 coal standard 1950

Washington State – 1
•Northwestern Railway Museum’s Northern Pacific 0-6-0 No. 924

Wisconsin – 2
•Soo Line 2-8-2 No. 1003 coal standard
•Rock River Threshers 0-4-0 No. 7

West Virginia – 6
•Cass Scenic Railroad Shays Nos. 2, 4, 5, and 11 coal standard 1905,
•Cass Scenic Railroad Climax 9 coal standard 1919
•Cass Scenic Railroad Heisler 6 coal standard

Wyoming – 2
•Union Pacific 4-8-4 No. 844 oil standard 1944
•Union Pacific 4-8-8-4 No. 4014 oil standard 1941

Steam locomotive passes through trees and brush under gray skies.
Soo Line 2-8-2 No. 1003 performs on a Trains Magazine photo charter on Nov. 14, 2021, near Burnett, Wis. Jim Wrinn photograph

4 thoughts on “2022 steam locomotive list

  1. Thanks for including the J&L Narrow Gauge 58 this year! We all hope that it never comes off of this list.

    One correction: Hesston’s 2-6-0 is 36″ gauge, and their three truck shay should also be included.

  2. It should probably be noted that the Cumbers and Toltec locos spend about as much time at the shop on the other end of their tracks in Antonito, CO as they do in Chama, NM. Their normal run between both ends also includes more miles in Colorado than New Mexico.

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