CSX Corporation is a railroad holding company incorporated in Virginia. The company’s corporate headquarters are in Jacksonville, Florida. CSX Transportation, a large subsidiary of CSX Corp., operates a network of rail lines in the Eastern United States and primarily moves traffic on East-West routes. It’s main competitor is Norfolk Southern Corp., and it connects with NS and four other Class I railroads in Chicago. CSX Corp. and its subsidiaries employed nearly 21,000 people in 2019. The railroad hauled freight over about 20,000 route miles between Midwest rail hubs in Chicago and St. Louis, and other places such as New Orleans, the New York City region, and as far south as Miami.
On November 1, 1980, the Chessie System and Seaboard Coast Line Industries merged to form the CSX Corporation. The two railroads were operated as separate subsidiaries until July 1, 1986 when the Seaboard System’s name was changed to CSX Transportation. In 1987, the Chessie System was officially merged into CSX Transportation, which then became the sole rail subsidiary of the CSX Corporation.
The Chessie System had been comprised of three railroads: the Baltimore & Ohio, Chesapeake & Ohio, and Western Maryland railroads.
Seaboard Coast Line Industries was the parent company of the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad, whose predecessors were the Seaboard Air Line and Atlantic Coast Line railroads.
Seaboard also controlled the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, which it officially merged in 1982, at which time the company was renamed the Seaboard System Railroad. Later additions to the Seaboard included the Clinchfield Railroad, the Georgia Railroad, and Georgia Railroad affiliates Atlanta & West Point Railroad and the Western Railway of Alabama.
In 1991 CSX Transportation absorbed the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad, in which it had a controlling stake, and in 1992 completed acquisition of the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie.
CSX Transportation expanded considerably on August 22, 1998 when it purchased 42 percent of Consolidated Rail Corporation, also known as Conrail, with the remaining 58 percent purchased by Norfolk Southern. Operations over former Conrail routes began on June 1, 1999.
CSX Transportation received lines originally belonging to the old New York Central, including the eastern half of the famed Water Level Route between Boston, New York and Cleveland, and the Cleveland-Indianapolis-St. Louis route (part NYC, part Pennsylvania Railroad). CSX Transportation also received an ex-Reading line between Philadelphia and northern New Jersey, over which predecessor B&O once operated passenger trains.
The Conrail acquisition necessitated the creation of shared area operations with Norfolk Southern in three regions: North Jersey, Philadelphia/South Jersey, and Detroit. CSX Transportation and NS both operate trains into the Monongahela coal fields of southwest Pennsylvania.
CSX Corp. industrial mix
In 2019, CSX Corp. told the SEC that intermodal traffic comprised 43% of traffic volume on the railroad, followed by coal, 14%; chemicals, 11%; agricultural and food products, 8%; automotive traffic, 7%; minerals, 5%; forest products, 5%; metals and equipment, 4%; and fertilizers, 4%.
• James M. Foote, 66, President and Chief Executive Officer
• Kevin S. Boone, 42, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
• Jamie J. Boychuk, 42, Executive Vice President of Operations
• Edmond L. Harris, 70, Executive Vice President
• Nathan D. Goldman, 62, Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer
• Diana B. Sorfleet, 55, Executive Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer
• Mark K. Wallace, 50, Executive Vice President and Chief Sales & Marketing Officer
• Angela C. Williams, 45, Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer
CSX selected 2019 financial details (totals may not balance due to rounding)
Total assets: $38.3 billion
Total liabilities: $26.4 billion
Total shareholders’ equity: $11.9 billion
Total revenues: $11.9 billion
Total operating expenses: $7.0 billion
Total operating income: $4.0 billion
Total net income: $3.3 billion
Information taken from a Securities and Exchange Commission filing and made available on CSX Corporation’s website. History provided by Matt Van Hattem.