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Home / News & Reviews / News Wire / Union Pacific and Canadian Pacific spar over KCS merger (updated)

Union Pacific and Canadian Pacific spar over KCS merger (updated)

By Bill Stephens | November 22, 2021

UP urges regulators to reject 4,342-page merger application as incomplete

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Train with red locomotives rounds curve
Train with red locomotives rounds curve
A Canadian Pacific freight heads north through Deerfield, Ill., on a Metra-owned line on March 26, 2021. Union Pacific has asked the Surface Transportation Board to reject the CP-Kansas City Southern merger application as incomplete, in part because it does not consider possible impacts on Metra and Amtrak in the Chicago area. (Trains: David Lassen)

WASHINGTON — Union Pacific has urged federal regulators to reject the Canadian Pacific-Kansas City Southern merger application, arguing that it doesn’t contain enough market or operational data to meet requirements — a view subsequently supported by Canadian National.

UP, in a filing with the Surface Transportation Board late Friday, said CP took shortcuts in its rush to file the application after its four-month battle with Canadian National to become KCS’s merger partner.

As a result, UP says CP and KCS improperly left 360,000 carloads — or roughly a third of potentially divertable traffic — out of their market analysis, which in turn contributed to a flawed operating plan for the combined railroad. UP also said the application is thin on data covering cross-border traffic through the Laredo, Texas, gateway, as well as the impact of traffic changes on Amtrak and Metra service in the Chicago area and freight service on shared trackage in St. Paul, Minn., and Houston.

The operational plan is “superficial,” UP says, and boasts that CPKC will help alleviate congestion in Chicago. “However, the Operating Plan shows the proposed transaction will actually increase the amount of rail traffic moving through Chicago,” UP wrote. “Indeed, some of the traffic Applicants plan to move through Chicago would be [the] result from diversions of traffic that Union Pacific currently interchanges with eastern railroads outside Chicago.”

UP argues that the STB must reject the application as incomplete and order CP and KCS to refile more detailed paperwork that also includes a service assurance plan.

Canadian Pacific, in a filing today, says its 4,342-page merger application is complete and that UP is merely trying to “delay the injection of new competition that UP will face if the transaction is approved.” CPKC will divert more traffic from UP than any other railroad, according to its merger application.

CP said the carloads left out of the diversion analysis were loads a combined CPKC system could not capture, such as traffic moving to points CPKC does not serve or where CPKC’s route would be too roundabout, such as single-line moves from KCS at East St. Louis to points CP reaches in Pennsylvania or New Jersey via haulage rights.

CP said the merger application extensively documents the impact on cross-border traffic. “The impact on competition will be positive; the impact on competitors may not be,” CP noted. “It may require UP to offer rate reductions, improve its service levels, or otherwise work harder to retain the traffic.

“UP expresses dismay that CPKC might dare to compete against UP single-line routes for U.S.-Mexico automotive traffic despite a disadvantage in route miles,” CP wrote. “UP claims to want an explanation for how CPKC expects to win these moves. As the Application explains, however, single-line routes often garner significant shares notwithstanding route mileage disadvantages relative to other rail options.”

CP also defended its operating plan, saying it addresses all of the issues UP raises. “The Application is not incomplete just because it does not present the operational data in the exact form and scope advocated by UP,” CP says.

Canadian National late today said it supported UP’s filing. CN said the STB should require CP and KCS to submit a service assurance plan and provide more detail on Mexico cross-border traffic.

“Applicants plainly did not do the work to develop a service assurance plan with actual monitoring mechanisms that the Board could use to oversee service levels during the integration process,” CN wrote in its own filing. “Instead, they apparently hope that the Board will accept their Application and trust them to develop a suitable integration plan sometime in the future. This approach is unacceptable under either the old rules or the new, particularly in light of the representations that Applicants made in their efforts to secure ‘old rules’
treatment.”

CN’s ill-fated KCS merger proposal would have been judged under the STB’s tougher rules implemented in 2001.

— Updated at 5:15 p.m. CST with Canadian National filing.

6 thoughts on “Union Pacific and Canadian Pacific spar over KCS merger (updated)

  1. Sounds like sour grapes from the UP to me…time for the STB to assert it’s dominance over the rail industry.

  2. Hmmm….Union Pacific got C&NW, MKT, SP/D&RG…CP wants KCS…doing the math, yep, I took 4, they want 1….That’s definitely a FOUL!!! Crybabies!

  3. UP’s dominance in Mexico-Texas-Chicago corridor is being threatened. Predictable reaction from UP. UP should be happy CN lost its bid for KCS. CN would have been a much bigger threat to UP, given their vastly superior route structure east of Chicago and all the fast track between Texas and Chicago. CPKC will have to lug everything up and over Rich Mountain, go the roundabout way to get to Chicago, then rely on NS and CSX to get traffic in and out of Canada.

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