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Home / News & Reviews / News Wire / Grain shippers complain about delays on BNSF, NS, and UP

Grain shippers complain about delays on BNSF, NS, and UP

By Bill Stephens | March 28, 2022

National Grain and Feed Association blames delays on crew shortages and Precision Scheduled Railroading.

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Freight train passing grain elevator
Freight train in front of large grain silos
At dusk on Sept. 24, 2020, a BNSF grain train departs ADM’s Benson Quinn loop terminal at Hensler, N.D., north of Mandan on the Zap Branch. (Bruce Kelly)

WASHINGTON – The trade group representing grain producers says severe delays on BNSF Railway, Norfolk Southern, and Union Pacific have forced its members to shut down flour mills as well as feed mills that produce food for livestock.

The National Grain and Feed Association outlined the rail service problems in a letter posted to the Surface Transportation Board website on Friday – and blamed them on crew shortages related to Precision Scheduled Railroading.

“At rail origins, NGFA members are unable to purchase grain from farmers because they are full while awaiting loaded trains to be moved out by the railroad,” the group’s CEO, Michael Seyfert, wrote to federal regulators. “Conversely, at rail destinations, NGFA members have run out of grain and have been forced to shut down flour mills and feed mills and cut off sales to customers while awaiting grain deliveries.”

In some cases, livestock producers lack alternatives to rail-hauled grain shipments.

“In an effort to continue service for customers during the rail service disruptions, NGFA members have done as much as possible to keep animals fed, but the ability to stretch resources is exhausted and growing more tenuous with each additional day of service delays,” Seyfert wrote.

An NGFA member ran out of feed while awaiting a train that sat at origin for seven days due to lack of train crews. Another spent $3 million on alternative transportation to try to keep animals fed over the past month.

“NGFA understands that a variety of circumstances have contributed to the rail service disruptions, but we believe the impact is much more drastic and prolonged due to rail carrier decisions to overly adopt certain principles of precision scheduled railroading and due to significant reductions in crew numbers,” Seyfert wrote.

Grain trains spent an average of 18.4 hours dwelling at origin on BNSF, according to the latest data reported to the STB for the week ending March 18. An average of 11.2 grain trains were held per day for lack of power, crews, or other reasons. Some 965 loaded and 811 empty grain hoppers had not moved in 48 hours or more. The delays appeared to be most severe in North Dakota, where 6,092 grain car orders were 11 or more days past due.

“During the past few months, frequent extreme weather, particularly across our North Region, coupled with major service interruptions in Southern California and on our Southern Transcon route through the Southwest and into the central plains have significantly impacted our ability to effectively align available resources with freight volumes,” BNSF said in a statement. “These issues along with ongoing global supply chain disruptions due to impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic have strained resource availability in multiple locations and resulted in reduced productivity and excess railcar inventory.”

BNSF is hiring 1,000 train crew members this year and currently has 300 conductors in training, the railroad said in its latest service advisory. BNSF also has seen a significant improvement in crew availability since adopting a new attendance policy in February. BNSF remains the lone Class I railroad to not adopt Precision Scheduled Railroading.

Grain trains averaged 53.74 hours of delay at origin on NS, with an average of four trains held per day. Some 423 loaded grain hoppers, and four empties, did not move for 48 hours or more on NS.

“We know our service is not where our customers expect it to be,” NS said in a statement. “A tight labor market continues to contribute to our challenges with crews, and demand remains high. However, we are making strides in improving.”

The railroad has a record number of conductors in training, is offering hiring bonuses, and has doubled bonuses in areas where it is particularly short of crews.

UP’s average grain train dwell at origin was 28 hours, with 24 trains per day held for lack of crews, power, or other reasons. Some 238 loads and 200 empties had not moved in 48 hours or more. And in Nebraska, where the problems seemed to be most severe, 1,590 grain car orders were delayed by 11 days or more.

“We are committed to supporting our customers and moving forward together amid the ongoing supply chain and labor challenges, which we are actively working to address,” UP said in a statement.

8 thoughts on “Grain shippers complain about delays on BNSF, NS, and UP

  1. Of course there’s a shortage of crews. PSR policies mandated cutting to the bone at a time when business was slack due to covid. Now there’s not enough additional availability ,coupled with the fact that many of the experienced ones won’t come back because they’re tired of “boom and bust” scheduling.

    1. BNSF did not adopt and doesn’t prescribe to PSR policies, so it’s more likely just crew availability and other issues they have no control over, like the weather.

      1. PSR Probably explains a big part of the difference between UP holding back 24 trains a day vs BNSF 11.2. Both are big grain haulers and serve the respective grain market/regions. It also of note how feed mills and millers are the ones complaining.
        ..
        I wonder how the commodity w grain prices up big time is playing on competing market demands, export vs. the domestic feed mills/milling as well as just shear demand to move. BNSF is probably sending some monster grain trains to pacific northwest for export. Everyone in the farm belt wants to send their grains to market to sell so they are trying to get elevators to accept their truckloads and the, elevators are trying to push as much out onto trains as they can accept more grain to sell as well.

  2. It won’t continue to be a problem on the UP because they are committed to serving the customer according to a statement with no ones name attached.
    Saw one of their two mile long trains parked over the weekend and was amazed that the crew had actually separated it for a rural crossing. A good indication it wasn’t going to move anytime soon. Passing by four hours later it was still there.

    1. Yes they laid to many people off but the stockholders are happy. Bigger dividends. less people to pay. The H*** with the customers.

  3. How much grain will end up spilled on the ground from derails? Much of these hoppers are loaded full and coming back to the mainlines on deficient track with deferred maintenance? And then how many of these hoppers sat on a storage siding collecting rust for a year before being shunted back in for loading and moving at 50mph to an export dock or flour mill? It’s a miracle there aren’t more derails of grain period.

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