How To Restoration & Repair How to lubricate your O and S gauge trains

How to lubricate your O and S gauge trains

By Hal Miller | February 11, 2024

| Last updated on February 12, 2024

How to apply oil and grease and which kind to use

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Pointing with a skewer at the gearing on the side of a model locomotive truck.
The gearing on the sides of locomotive trucks is a spot that needs lubricating.

Some questions we get frequently are: “How do I lubricate my locomotives?” followed by “What type of lubrication should I use on them?”

Here are some answers. And remember, when it comes to oil and grease on locomotives or other rolling stock, less is more.

Applying light gear lube to a model locomotive truck with a needle applicator.
The more lube you use here, the greater the chance of picking up dust and other particles. Take it easy.

Fortunately, there’s a quick and easy answer for what to use. At we have a package that includes all the lubes you need for this job. When it comes to light lubrication, sewing machine oil will also fit the bill.

The Labelle package includes a light oil, a light gear lubricant, and micro gear grease with PTFE, better known as Teflon.

The first thing to do is apply the light gear lubricant, in this case Labelle 102, to the gears on the sides of the trucks. Remember, less is more here.

Instead of grease, I’ve used the light gear lube here because it’s less likely to attract hair, dirt, and other debris into the gears. Save the grease for worm gears and other moving surfaces that are harder to get to inside the engine.

Applying oil to a locomotive truck axle with a needle applicator: How to lubricate your O and S gauge trains
The needle lube applicator can help you get to the brass bearing in the truck frame.

Next, I’ll apply a light oil to the axle bearings – In this case Labelle 107. If you look closely, there’s a brass bearing inside the block. A needle applicator on the bottle makes it easier to get between the wheel and the truck.

A little lubrication goes a long way. It helps protect your locomotives and rolling stock and keeps them running just like the day they were made.

Members can watch video of locomotive lubrication here.

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