Railroads & Locomotives Locomotives Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive

Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive

By Brian Schmidt, Classic Trains Editor | September 24, 2023

This distinctive diesel found its niche on the mile-long Auto Train in the late 1980s

Email Newsletter

Get the newest photos, videos, stories, and more from Trains.com brands. Sign-up for email today!

Silver-and-black Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive leads passenger by a station
Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive No. 719 leads the eastbound Sunset Limited into Phoenix on Feb. 28, 1987. Bob Johnston photo


The Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive is the spiritual successor to the GE U30CG passenger locomotive of 1967. Amtrak acquired 25 of the P30CH model, Nos. 700-724, between August 1975 and January 1976. The model designation led to the units’ nickname: “pooch.”


It was essentially a U30C freight locomotive with a cowl body and head-end power generator system. Thus, they were the first diesels built for Amtrak with head-end power capability. The Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive has a more squared off nose and lacks the front walkway and handrails of its predecessor. They were delivered in the “phase 2” paint of two equal red and blue stripes bordered by thin white stripes. They later acquired the “phase 3” paint of equal red, white, and blue stripes. Both versions sported black trucks and fuel tanks and a black roof.


They were initially intended for service on the unelectrified portion of the Northeast Corridor east of New Haven, Conn., and on Florida service trains operating over Seaboard Coast Line. As the units were HEP-equipped, they were mated with Amfleet equipment before the widespread conversion of the Heritage fleet in the 1980s.


The model could be found across the Amtrak network at times, but by 1990 had settled into a role handling Amtrak’s longest consist, the Auto Train between Lorton, Va., and Sanford, Fla. They were also regulars on the Los Angeles-New Orleans Sunset Limited at the time.


A report in the December 1974 issue of Trains noted that Amtrak would obtain a subsequent order for 25 units following in the delivery of the initial 25 units, which did not come to fruition. Coincidentally, the cover story on this issue was the Auto Train Corp., a service for which the P30CH would prove its worth late in its career.


Nos. 713 and 715 were retired following wrecks in 1979. The remainder of the fleet was officially retired in June 1992 after the arrival of the four-axle GE P32-8W fleet in December 1991.


Silver-and-black Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive leads passenger train under highway bridge
Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive No. 714 and a mate lead Amtrak’s Auto Train north at AY interlocking in Acca Yard at Richmond, Va., in 1984. Doug Riddell photo

One thought on “Amtrak GE P30CH locomotive

  1. One important detail was omitted here: While the P30CHs where originally ordered to handle trains from New Haven, CT, to Boston, MA, on the Northeast Corridor, they were quickly found to be too heavy for some bridges and assigned elsewhere, including the Chicago to St. Louis corridor. This major faux pas expedited the design and purchase of the EMD F40PH, a much lighter and more nimble locomotive for Northeast Corridor work.

You must login to submit a comment